Transformation of extracurricular education in post-Soviet countries

Ivan Ivanov, Roman Zviagintsev

Broad access to educational services and a universal enrolment policy were declared crucial elements of the Soviet extracurricular education model. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the process of transforming the Soviet model of extracurricular education began. This process included changes in management and financing mechanisms, the structure and scope of the network, and content and ideas. These changes have had a significant negative impact on the equality of opportunities for children in terms of participating in extracurricular activities. The main purpose of this paper is to analyse the above-mentioned inequality in different aspects: territorial, gender and socio-economic. We are also interested in the representation of this problem in the educational policy agendas of post-Soviet countries. We use three data sources: regulation documents, national and departmental statistics, and semi-structured interviews with leading experts and heads of national organisations of extracurricular education in all 15 countries of the former Soviet Union. In addition, we identify common and specific features in the structure and factors of inequality in extracurricular education in post-Soviet countries. Despite the general increase in inequality, we observed increased client orientation and inclusivity in the extracurricular sector. We also note the trend of expanding access opportunities in some countries. We discuss the role of extracurricular educational inequality as a part of broader educational and socio-economic formation and development of inequality in the post-Soviet space.

Zentrum für Lehrer*innenbildung, Institut für Lehrer*innenbildung
Externe Organisation(en)
National Research University Higher School of Economics
Children and Youth Services Review
ÖFOS 2012
503006 Bildungsforschung
ASJC Scopus Sachgebiete
Education, Developmental and Educational Psychology, Sociology and Political Science
Sustainable Development Goals
SDG 4 – Hochwertige Bildung, SDG 10 – Weniger Ungleichheiten
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