The impact of occupational structures on ethnic and gendered employment gaps: An event history analysis using social security register data

Autor(en)
Stefan Vogtenhuber, Nadia Steiber, Monika Mühlböck, Bernhard Kittel
Abstrakt

Ethnic and gendered employment gaps are mainly explained by individual characteristics, while less attention is paid to occupational structures. Drawing on administrative data, this article analyses the impact of occupational characteristics on top of individual attributes in the urban labour market of Vienna. Both set of variables can explain observed employment gaps to a large extent, but persistent gaps remain, in particular among females. The article’s main finding is that the occupational structure appears to have gendered effects. While men tend to benefit from ethnic segregation, women face difficulties when looking for jobs with high shares of immigrant workers. Looking for jobs in occupations that recruit from relatively few educational backgrounds (credentials) is beneficial for both sexes at the outset unemployment, but among females this competitive advantage diminishes over time. The article concludes by discussing potential strategies to avoid the traps of occupational segregation.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Soziologie, Institut für Wirtschaftssoziologie
Externe Organisation(en)
Institut für Höhere Studien
Journal
PLoS ONE
Band
16
Seiten
1-18
ISSN
1932-6203
Publikationsdatum
04-2021
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
504030 Wirtschaftssoziologie, 504002 Arbeitssoziologie
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/the-impact-of-occupational-structures-on-ethnic-and-gendered-employment-gaps-an-event-history-analysis-using-social-security-register-data(7fffe11a-95bb-45d1-a50b-9655c93e72f2).html