How Social and Mass Media Relate to Youth's Self-Sexualization

Autor(en)
Jolien Trekels, Kathrin Karsay, Steven Eggermont, Laura Vandenbosch
Abstrakt

Although media exposure has been related to cognitive preoccupation with appearance, research rarely investigated adolescents' behavioral self-sexualization. To address this gap, the present study among 12- to 16-year-olds (N = 1527; 50.2% girls) in Austria, Belgium, Spain, and South-Korea (1) investigates whether different types of media use relate to self-sexualization, (2) explores the explanatory value of rewarded appearance ideals, and (3) considers culture and gender as moderating factors. Despite cultural variation, a general trend of increasing self-sexualization with social media use and magazine reading appeared across the countries. Moreover, women's magazine reading and rewards were related to self-sexualization among all the girls across the countries, which suggests that girls may be more vulnerable to the examined effects. Overall, this study provides a better understanding of the unique contribution of specific media genres to youth's self-sexualization and points at the importance of social media use in girls' and boys' engagement in sexualizing appearance behaviors across four countries.

Organisation(en)
Institut für Publizistik- und Kommunikationswissenschaft
Externe Organisation(en)
Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Res Fdn Flanders FWO Vlaanderen
Journal
Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Band
47
Seiten
1440-1455
Anzahl der Seiten
16
ISSN
0047-2891
DOI
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10964-018-0844-3
Publikationsdatum
07-2018
Peer-reviewed
Ja
ÖFOS 2012
508007 Kommunikationswissenschaft
Schlagwörter
Link zum Portal
https://ucris.univie.ac.at/portal/de/publications/how-social-and-mass-media-relate-to-youths-selfsexualization(34851f44-36b7-47d4-91bf-32ef37d02ce6).html